The Virgin Orans: St Sophia’s Cathedral, Kiev, 11th century
Welcome to the Nordic Catholic Church – German Administration
Historical sketch of the Nordic Catholic Church
- The Nordic Catholic Church was founded in 1999 in Norway by clergy and laity of the Lutheran Norwegian state church that objected, for theological reasons, to the ordination of women to the presbyterate and episcopate.
- At its inception, the Nordic Catholic Church was formed as an extraterritorial diocese of the Polish National Catholic Church of North America, which belonged to the Union of Utrecht of Old Catholic Churches for more than 96 years (from 1907 to 2003) and indeed was its largest member church. In this capacity, it remained in full communion with all provinces of the Anglican Communion that had not purported to ordain women to the priesthood.
- The Polish National Catholic Church and thus also the Nordic Catholic Church did not recognize, for theological reasons, the female priests which several of the other member churches of the Union of Utrecht had unilaterally begun to ordain. Since the revised Statutes of the Union of Utrecht did not allow for this situation of impaired communion to continue, the Polish National Catholic Church and the Nordic Catholic Church had to amicably separate from the Union of Utrecht.
- In 2008, the Nordic Catholic Church became autonomous through the election and consecration of a Norwegian bishop, the Most Rev’d Dr Roald Nikolai Flemestad. In the same year, the Polish National Catholic Church and the Nordic Catholic Church founded the Union of Scranton as an orthodox alternative to the Union of Utrecht. The Union of Scranton is open to other catholic churches and is in dialogue, for instance, with several jurisdictions of Anglican tradition concerning potential membership.
- The Nordic Catholic Church is theologically Orthodox: The Union of Scranton professes the faith of the Undivided Church as summarized in the Orthodox-Old Catholic Agreed Statements (The Road to Unity, 1987), which have become the foundational theological document of the Nordic Catholic Church.
- Like the Orthodox Churches, both the Polish National Catholic Church and the Nordic Catholic Church have been in limited intercommunion with the Roman Catholic Church since 2006 (can. 844 §§ 2,3 CIC). In particular, the validity of the holy orders of the Polish National Catholic Church and the Nordic Catholic Church is recognized by the Roman Catholic Church.
- The liturgical practice of the Nordic Catholic Church is based on the tradition of the (early) Western Church.
- As of 2018, the Nordic Catholic Church has parishes and missions in France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom.